Illuminated Manuscripts: Palaeography Calligraphy and Codicology Resources

Palaeography, Calligraphy and Codicology Resources


Cappelli Online. Adriano Cappelli's «Lexicon abbreviaturarum» is one of the most renowned collections of abbreviations. (Ad fontes), an e-learning platform at the University of Zurich, has digitised, systematised and made freely available all 14357 abbreviations included in the Cappelli.

D-Scribes. D-Scribes project aims to develop computerized approaches adapted to Greek and Coptic papyri. Its goal is to be able to find joins between fragments, identify writers or handwriting styles and classify handwriting scripts according to similarities. It actively works on federating actors in Digital Paleography.

Earlier Latin Manuscripts. Tools for studying the scripts of the oldest Latin manuscripts. The database is founded on E. A. Lowe's Codices Latini Antiquiores and thus focuses on non-documentary texts written before the year 800. All of the manuscripts in Lowe's corpus and its supplements will be found in our database, along with corrections by Lowe and later scholars. In addition to the research tools provided by the catalogue, you will also find collections of manuscripts organised around origin, provenance, script, and text. These databases can be interrogated in several ways: filtering by keyword, by library, by script, or by date (or any combination of those filters).

Graphoskop is a software tool for the critical examination of historical handwriting.

DigiPal, a resource for the study of medieval handwriting, particularly that produced in England during the years 1000–1100, the time of Æthelred, Cnut and William the Conqueror. It is designed to allow you to see samples of handwriting from the period and to compare them with each other quickly and easily.

Fuentes paleográficas latinas

Italian Paleography is a Mellon-funded digital project on Italian vernacular Paleography, which provides digital tools to learn and teach how to read handwritten original sources dating from the late 1100s to the late 1700s, offering a wide range of examples and hands-on exercises.
The website features digitized images of 102 manuscripts and documents; transcriptions and background essays for each item; an updated and customized version of the T-Pen transcription tool to actively transcribe manuscripts and documents; a selection of calligraphy books and historical manuscript maps; a handbook of Italian vernacular scripts; additional resources, including a glossary, list of abbreviations and symbols, dictionaries, and teaching materials.

Late Medieval English Scribes is an online catalogue of all scribal hands (identified or unidentified) which appear in the manuscripts of the English writings of five major Middle English authors: Geoffrey Chaucer, John Gower, John Trevisa, William Langland and Thomas Hoccleve.

Latin Palaeography. This online tutorial will help you learn to read the handwriting found in documents written in Latin between 1086 and 1500. The tutorial is for people who already know medieval Latin.

Littera Visigothica, a very complete website by Dr. Ainoa Castro Correa. In this site, you can explore Visigothic script from a multidisciplinary point of view.

Medieval Writing. An introduction to the history of medieval writing, including the origins of our written culture, paleography and the history of scripts, and the nature of literacy and the written word in the middle ages.

Palaeography: reading old handwriting, 1500 - 1800. A practical online tutorial.


Calligraphies & Enluminure Forum

The Royal College and Confraternity of Scribes and Illuminators of the Kingdom of Lochac


Codicologia, a computer application that provides a multilingual vocabulary for the description of manuscripts. It intends to offer an instrument of work to all cataloguers of manuscripts, text editors and more generally to all those interested in old manuscripts. (Old version)

eCodicology The aim of the joint project “eCodicology”, promoted by the BMBF, is the development, the testing, and the optimisation of new algorithms to automatically detect the macro- and microstructural elements of manuscript pages and embed them into the images’ metadata.

Teaching the codex is run by Tristan Franklinos and Mary Boyle. Pedagogical Approaches to Palaeography and Codicology

Parchment Makers

Tannerie Dumas

William Cowley