Illuminated Manuscripts: Palaeography Calligraphy and Codicology Resources

Palaeography, Calligraphy and Codicology Resources


Graphoskop is a software tool for the critical examination of historical handwriting.

DigiPal, a resource for the study of medieval handwriting, particularly that produced in England during the years 1000–1100, the time of Æthelred, Cnut and William the Conqueror. It is designed to allow you to see samples of handwriting from the period and to compare them with each other quickly and easily.

Fuentes paleográficas latinas

Late Medieval English Scribes is an online catalogue of all scribal hands (identified or unidentified) which appear in the manuscripts of the English writings of five major Middle English authors: Geoffrey Chaucer, John Gower, John Trevisa, William Langland and Thomas Hoccleve.

Latin Palaeography. This online tutorial will help you learn to read the handwriting found in documents written in Latin between 1086 and 1500. The tutorial is for people who already know medieval Latin.

Medieval Writing. An introduction to the history of medieval writing, including the origins of our written culture, paleography and the history of scripts, and the nature of literacy and the written word in the middle ages.

Palaeography: reading old handwriting, 1500 - 1800. A practical online tutorial.


Calligraphies & Enluminure Forum

The Royal College and Confraternity of Scribes and Illuminators of the Kingdom of Lochac


Codicologia, a computer application that provides a multilingual vocabulary for the description of manuscripts. It intends to offer an instrument of work to all cataloguers of manuscripts, text editors and more generally to all those interested in old manuscripts. (Old version)

Parchment Makers

Tannerie Dumas

William Cowley